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Thyroid Replacement Therapy: Your Resolute Step to the Healthy Tomorrow

Thyroid health is a significant aspect of your overall well-being since it is what controls your metabolism, hormonal balance, fertility, energy, mood, and many more important things for a living.

Injuries or diseases may sometimes cause conditions when thyroid hormone production is limited and this is not enough for the normal functioning of all organs and systems within the body. This is when thyroid replacement therapy is considered.

What is thyroid therapy and when is it required?

The thyroid is a small butterfly-shaped gland located near your throat. In the normal state, your thyroid usually releases two key hormones called T3 (triiodothyronine or liothyronine) and T4 (thyroxine). The production of these 2 hormones is ruled by TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone or thyrotropin) which is also generated by the same gland. T3 and T4 have “a common business” of regulating your use of energy.

The deficiency occurs when the thyroid gland is not able to secrete the proper amount of hormones. Thyroid replacement treatment supposes that a synthetic alternative of thyroid hormone is received by a patient to correct the lowered levels of natural thyroid in the body and overcome possible side effects of this condition. An official diagnosis for abnormally low levels of thyroid hormone is hypothyroidism.

Except for hypothyroidism, there are some other reasons for taking thyroid therapy:

  • controlling the growth of the enlarged thyroid gland (the diagnosis is also known as goiter);
  • regulating the growth of nodules on the thyroid gland;
  • supporting the hormonal balance after thyroidectomy (e.g. because of benign or malignant disease);
  • after radioactive iodine ablation treatment of hyperthyroidism.

How is thyroid therapy provided?

Several types of medications are used for providing therapy:

  • natural medications derived from the thyroid of animals;
  • synthetic mixtures formulated in the lab.

Levothyroxine is the most common drug used for thyroid hormone replacement. This is synthetic thyroxine which is absolutely identical to the T4 which is converted into T3 within the body.

Sometimes doctors prescribe Liotrix which is the combination of thyroxine and liothyronine by a margin of 4:1. A doctor indicates the proper dosage considering the age of a patient, their overall health state, body weight, and levels of thyroid hormone revealed by laboratory testing.

Levothyroxine and Liotrix are oral medications that are typically taken on an empty stomach at least half an hour before breakfast. This is required to ensure that medication is absorbed properly.

Take a drug with enough water (although a glass full of water) and don’t take any other medication, especially calcium and iron ones, for at least 4 hours after the synthetic thyroxine.

Precautions and Recommendations

People of older age or those who have some cardiovascular diseases usually start on a small dosage of the medicine. Our qualified doctor gradually raises the dosage of the drug until a patient sees an effect.

In about 6 weeks of your therapy, you are going to go back to our doctor for monitoring your thyroid hormone levels. A doctor is going to estimate your results with the help of a blood test.

Depending on the results of the test, your dosage may be adjusted.

Regular monitoring every six months is required to make sure that your therapy results are stable and there are no unexpected reactions in your body.

To keep your thyroid gland work under control, do the following:

Stick to the same brand: Every new unit of a prescribed drug should be the same brand as the previous one. Different brands may issue the same medicine with slightly different doses in a single pill, so this may cause an unexpected mess in your hormone levels.

Comply with the schedule: Of course, your medication should be taken at the same time every day. As you’ve already learned, the drug should be taken at least an hour before your meal.

Follow the instructions: Don’t stop taking your medicine without consultation with a doctor.

The benefits of your thyroid treatment are going to include increased energy, better sleep, overall hormonal balance, and of course the reduction in weight.

Our qualified medical experts are happy to provide an absolutely free consultation to every patient who requires it. So feel free to contact us here!

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